In this article, you will learn about the Academic calendar, the Semestral break, the Degrees that are awarded for study, and the various Academic societies. You will also learn about the different types of study available, and how to find out more information about them. This article is written for students, but it is suitable for anyone who wants to learn more about Academics.

Academic calendar

A good academic calendar will inform you of important dates, such as school start/end dates, holidays, and registration/bursar dates. It also allows you to view past calendars. It also provides a link to the University's calendar archives.

Semestral break

After exam season, most universities have one week of vacation. Students use this time to study for the June examinations. Classes resume at the beginning of March. The final semester ends in early July, which is typically the end of the academic year. There are also two additional breaks for universities during the year. A student can take a semester break between May and June or take a semester break between September and May.

Degrees awarded for completed study

Degrees awarded for completed study are a common way to show completion of a program. It is useful when applying for a job or further study, and indicates that all of the required academic requirements have been completed. Degrees awarded for completed study will be added to your transcript in place of 'In Progress'. Often, institutions will call the school in order to verify the date of completion.

Academic societies

Academic societies are organizations that promote various academic disciplines or professions. Membership can be open to the general public or may require qualification. In some cases, membership is an honour conferred on elected members.

Academia dei Lincei

The Accademia dei Lincei is one of the oldest scientific institutions in Europe. It is housed in the Palazzo Corsini in Via della Lungara, Rome.


Accademia del Cimento

The Accademia del Cimentio was a scientific society in Florence founded in the early 1600s. The academy was founded by students of Galileo, Vincenzo Viviani and Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, and was supported by Ferdinando II de' Medici and Prince Leopolo.

Dissenting academies

Dissenting academics face many obstacles, from retaliation against the press to the fear of retribution. Social scientists are particularly susceptible to these challenges. Marxist scholar Bertell Ollman, for example, was denied an appointment to the University of Maryland because he disagreed with the university's ideology. Dissenting scholars are also at risk of being attacked for their scholarly publications, or even their participation in actions. Scholars should be aware of the dangers of dissenting, and take the proper steps to avoid becoming a victim of intimidation or violence.